WING CHUN HAND FORMS
SIU LIM TAO
Wing Chun consists of 3 empty hand forms, the wooden dummy form, and 2 forms with weapons. Each form builds upon the prior. A student will first learn Siu Lim Tao (little idea form). Siu Lim Tao is the foundation for Wing Chun and is where the student learns the basics for Wing Chun.
Chum Kiu (seeking the bridge) is the second form. This is where the student starts to learn how to apply the skills acquired in Siu Lim Tao in different situations.
The final empty hand form is Biu Gee (thrusting fingers). This form contains advanced techniques and emergency escapes. Biu Gee is usually only taught to trusted students.
Along with the 3 empty hand forms the student will also learn the Wooden Dummy (Mook Yan Jong). The wooden dummy training is used for fighting applications. When you train with a partner you can only hit so hard without loosing your training partner. This is where the wooden dummy comes in. You can hit the dummy as hard as you want and it will never complain. The dummy also identifies some mistakes that a student might be making. For instance if a student's position is wrong it will show easily while practicing by showing a loss of balance or clashing of force which will be painful.
Once a student has learned the 3 hand forms and the wooden dummy they are usually recognized as an instructor and then will learn the long pole form (Look Dim Boon Kwon) and the knife form (Bat Jam Dao).